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Waddell & Reed Advisors Municipal High Income Fund

  • $4.74 NAV as of 9/21/2017
  • ($0.00) / 0.00% Daily NAV Change
  • 2.56% YTD (NAV)



We invest in a wide range of industries that issue tax-exempt debt. There are two components to our investment process: macro- economic analysis and security selection. Our views on interest rates largely determines our portfolio decisions on duration and how to structure the portfolio to achieve a given duration target. We diversify by sector and holdings within a sector.

Morningstar Style Box

Source: Morningstar

Portfolio Management

Michael J. Walls

  • Waddell & Reed Investment Management Company
  • 9 Years with Fund
  • 19 Years in Industry
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Michael J. Walls is a vice president of Waddell & Reed Investment Management Company. Mr. Walls graduated in 1993 with a BA in economics and German from Denison University. As an undergraduate he spent a year in Germany studying international business at the Justus Liebig University Giessen. He earned an MBA with an emphasis in finance from Xavier University in 1998. He also holds a Certificate in General Insurance. Prior to joining Waddell & Reed, he was an investment analyst with Cincinnati Financial Corporation, an insurance company and investment advisor. Mr. Walls joined Waddell & Reed in March 1999 as an investment analyst. His research responsibilities are concentrated in municipals with an emphasis in non-investment grade and investment grade bonds. He was appointed assistant vice president in January 2002 and assistant portfolio manager in January 2004.

Growth of a $10,000 Investment
through 8/31/2017

Assumes an investment over 10 years or life of the share class, reinvestment of dividends and capital gains, and does not include the effect of sales charges or taxes.



What's in a rating
  • WRA Municipal High Income Fund
  • August 30, 2016

What's in a rating?

Bond quality ratings continue to be a point of focus in the municipal bond market. But should they be?

Quarterly Fund Commentary

Daily Prices as of 9/21/2017

Net Asset Value (NAV) $4.74
Daily NAV Change ($) ($0.00) 0.00%
Weekly NAV Change ($) $0.00 0.00%
Public Offering Price (POP) $4.74

Fund Facts

Ticker Symbol WCMHX
CUSIP 930057385
Fund Code 362
Fund Type Fixed Income Funds
Fund Inception 1/21/1986
Class Inception 10/8/1999
Fiscal Year End September
Dividends Paid Daily, Paid Monthly
Fund Assets (as of 8/31/2017) $761.9 mil
Total Holdings (as of 8/31/2017) 251
Portfolio Turnover Rate (as of 3/31/2017) 8%
Lipper Category High Yield Municipal Debt Funds
Morningstar Category High Yield Muni
Benchmark Bloomberg Barclays HY Muni TR USD


Data quoted is past performance and current performance may be lower or higher. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Investment return and principal value of an investment will fluctuate, and shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost.

Performance at NAV does not include the effect of sales charges, if it had, performance shown would be lower. For Class C shares, a 1% CDSC applies to the lesser of amount invested or redemption value of shares redeemed within twelve months after the purchase date.

Monthly Rates of Return

Average Annual Total Returns as of 8/31/2017
(Returns for periods of less than 1-yr are not annualized)
Fund with maximum 1.00% CDSC 1.42% -1.32% 2.36% 2.63% 3.79% 3.88%
Fund at NAV 2.42% -1.32% 2.36% 2.63% 3.79% 3.88%
Lipper High Yield Municipal Debt Funds 6.58% 0.90% 4.79% 4.38% 4.23% 4.66%
Bloomberg Barclays HY Muni TR USD 8.30% 2.25% 5.03% 5.02% 4.92%

Quarterly Rates of Return

Average Annual Total Returns as of 6/30/2017
(Returns for periods of less than 1-yr are not annualized)
Fund with maximum 1.00% CDSC 1.11% -1.21% 2.99% 2.95% 3.64% 3.90%
Fund at NAV 2.11% -1.21% 2.99% 2.95% 3.64% 3.90%
Lipper High Yield Municipal Debt Funds 4.78% -0.25% 4.84% 4.58% 3.76% 4.61%
Bloomberg Barclays HY Muni TR USD 6.13% 1.22% 5.62% 5.22% 4.46%

Calendar Year Return

Class C 10.28 -4.80 11.78 2.91 -0.32
Bloomberg Barclays HY Muni TR USD 18.14 -5.51 13.84 1.81 2.99

Morningstar Ratings as of 8/31/2017 Morningstar Logo

Category: High Yield Muni
Ratings are based on risk-adjusted returns
Overall out of 147
3 Year out of 147
5 Year out of 119
10 Year out of 85

Lipper Ranking through 8/31/2017 Lipper Logo

Category: High Yield Municipal Debt Funds
Rankings are based on average annual total returns, but do not consider sales charges.
1 Year 154/158 97
3 Year 136/139 98
5 Year 105/112 93
10 Year 57/79 72

Expense Ratios as of 1/31/2017

Net 1.70%
Gross 1.72%

5-Year Standard Deviation as of 8/31/2017

Bloomberg Barclays HY Muni TR USD 6.17

5-Year MPT* Statistics as of 8/31/2017

*Modern Portfolio Theory
Alpha -0.20
Beta 0.55
R-Squared 82.71
Sharpe Ratio 0.66
Capture Ratio Upside: 49.51%
Downside: 47.10%


Historical Prices Inception 10/8/1999

9/1/2017 $4.74 NO NO
9/5/2017 $4.75 NO NO
9/6/2017 $4.75 NO NO
9/7/2017 $4.75 NO NO
9/8/2017 $4.75 NO NO
9/11/2017 $4.75 NO NO
9/12/2017 $4.74 NO NO
9/13/2017 $4.74 NO NO
9/14/2017 $4.74 NO NO
9/15/2017 $4.74 NO NO
9/18/2017 $4.74 NO NO
9/19/2017 $4.74 NO NO
9/20/2017 $4.74 NO NO
9/21/2017 $4.74 NO NO

Historical Distributions Inception 10/8/1999

8/25/2017 $0.0099 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.74 8/25/2017
7/27/2017 $0.0145 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.74 7/27/2017
6/27/2017 $0.0136 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.76 6/27/2017
5/26/2017 $0.0157 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.76 5/26/2017
4/27/2017 $0.0157 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.75 4/27/2017
3/27/2017 $0.016 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.74 3/27/2017
2/27/2017 $0.0146 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.77 2/27/2017
1/27/2017 $0.0126 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.74 1/27/2017
12/30/2016 $0.016 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.74 12/30/2016
11/25/2016 $0.0154 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.76 11/25/2016
10/27/2016 $0.0147 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.92 10/27/2016
9/27/2016 $0.0147 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.97 9/27/2016
8/26/2016 $0.0156 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.98 8/26/2016
7/27/2016 $0.0148 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.98 7/27/2016
6/27/2016 $0.0139 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.99 6/27/2016
5/27/2016 $0.0161 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.94 5/27/2016
4/27/2016 $0.0152 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.92 4/27/2016
3/24/2016 $0.0131 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.89 3/24/2016
2/26/2016 $0.0155 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.89 2/26/2016
1/27/2016 $0.0116 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.92 1/27/2016
12/31/2015 $0.0164 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.93 12/31/2015
11/27/2015 $0.0164 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.91 11/27/2015
10/27/2015 $0.0147 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.9 10/27/2015
9/25/2015 $0.0153 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.89 9/25/2015
8/27/2015 $0.0145 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.88 8/27/2015
7/27/2015 $0.0134 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.89 7/27/2015
6/26/2015 $0.0148 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.89 6/26/2015
5/27/2015 $0.0136 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.93 5/27/2015
4/27/2015 $0.0128 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.97 4/27/2015
3/27/2015 $0.0126 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.97 3/27/2015
2/27/2015 $0.0155 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.98 2/27/2015
1/27/2015 $0.0125 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $5.01 1/27/2015
12/31/2014 $0.0164 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.96 12/31/2014
11/26/2014 $0.0151 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.94 11/26/2014
10/27/2014 $0.0154 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.95 10/27/2014
9/26/2014 $0.0172 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.93 9/26/2014
8/27/2014 $0.0182 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.91 8/27/2014
7/25/2014 $0.0147 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.86 7/25/2014
6/27/2014 $0.0177 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.85 6/27/2014
5/27/2014 $0.0166 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.86 5/27/2014
4/25/2014 $0.0178 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.79 4/25/2014
3/27/2014 $0.0156 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.76 3/27/2014
2/27/2014 $0.0172 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.74 2/27/2014
1/27/2014 $0.0144 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.72 1/27/2014
12/31/2013 $0.0189 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.62 12/31/2013
11/27/2013 $0.0171 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.66 11/27/2013
10/25/2013 $0.0154 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.67 10/25/2013
9/27/2013 $0.0185 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.67 9/27/2013
8/27/2013 $0.0166 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.61 8/27/2013
7/26/2013 $0.0177 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.72 7/26/2013
6/27/2013 $0.0167 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $4.82 6/27/2013
5/24/2013 $0.0139 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $5.06 5/24/2013
4/26/2013 $0.0154 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $5.07 4/26/2013
3/27/2013 $0.0141 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $5.05 3/27/2013
2/27/2013 $0.0145 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $5.06 2/27/2013
1/25/2013 $0.0129 Long: $0.000 Short: $0.000 $5.07 1/25/2013

*Special Dividend
The table includes the daily prices at NAV (net asset value) for the history of this fund's selected share class. NAV is the amount per share you would receive if you sold shares that day.

12-Month Trailing Dist. Yield as of 8/31/2017

NAV 3.66%
With Sales Charge 3.66%

Annualized 30-Day SEC Yield as of 8/31/2017

Subsidized - NAV 1.90%
Unsubsidized - NAV 1.88%


Top 10 Holdings as a % of net assets 8/31/2017

NY Liberty Dev Corp. Rev Bonds (3 World Trade Center Proj), Ser 2014, 5.0%, 11/15/2044 2.14%
VA Small Business Fin Auth, Sr Lien Rev Bonds (Elizabeth River Crossing Opco LLC Proj), Ser 2012, 5.5%, 1/1/2042 1.61%
Grand Prkwy Trans Corp., First Tier Toll Rev Bonds, Ser 2013A, 5.5%, 4/1/2053 1.50%
TX Private Activity Bond Surface Trans Corp., Sr Lien Rev Bonds (North Tarrant Express Managed Lanes Proj), Ser 2009, 6.9%, 12/31/2039 1.43%
IL Fin Auth, Rev Bonds (Admiral at the Lake Proj), Ser 2010A, 8.0%, 5/15/2046 1.31%
MA Port Auth, Spl Fac Rev Bonds (Delta Air Lines, Inc. Proj), Ser 2001B (Auction Rate Sec) (Insured by AMBAC), 2.1%, 1/1/2031 1.27%
AL Econ Stlmt Auth, BP Stlmt Rev Bonds, Ser 2016A, 4.0%, 9/15/2033 1.25%
Tob Stlmt Fin Corp., Tob Stlmt Asset-Bkd Bonds, Ser 2007-1A, 5.0%, 6/1/2041 1.24%
Cent Plains Enrg Proj, Gas Proj Rev Bonds (Proj No. 3), Ser 2012, 5.3%, 9/1/2037 1.17%
AZ Hlth Fac Auth, Rev Bonds (Banner Hlth), Ser 2007B, 1.0%, 1/1/2037 1.16%

Total Portfolio Holdings

Updated quarterly, upon availability.

as a % of fixed income assets as of 8/31/2017

<1 Year 5.2%
1-5 Years 11.7%
5-10 Years 1.5%
10-20 Years 19.4%
>20 Years 62.2%
Average Maturity 19.38 years
Effective Duration 6.56 years

Fixed Income Country Allocation
as a % of bond holdings as of 8/31/2017

United States 100.0%

as a % of fixed income assets as of 8/31/2017

Quality: Ratings obtained from Standard & Poor's. For securities not rated by Standard & Poor's, ratings are obtained from Moody's. We do not evaluate these ratings, but simply assign them to the appropriate credit quality category as determined by the rating agency.
NonRated 45.90%
AAA 0.40%
AA 1.50%
A 11.40%
BBB 23.80%
BB 8.90%
B 6.80%
CCC 1.00%
Below CCC 0.30%

Portfolio Composition
as a % of net assets as of 8/31/2017

Revenue Bonds 88.17%
Cash and Cash Equivalents 4.62%
Prerefunded/ETM 4.35%
General Obligation Bonds 2.16%
Insured Bonds 0.70%

Total Portfolio Holdings

Updated quarterly, upon availability.

Data quoted is past performance and current performance may be lower or higher. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Investment return and principal value of an investment will fluctuate, and shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost.

The value of the Fund’s shares will change, and you could lose money on your investment. Fixed income securities are subject to interest rate risk and, as such, the net asset value of the fund may fall as interest rates rise. Investing in below investment grade securities may carry a greater risk of nonpayment of interest or principal than higher-rated bonds. The Fund may include a significant portion of its investments that will pay interest that is taxable under the Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT). Exempt-interest dividends the Fund pays may be subject to state and local income taxes. The portion of the dividends the Fund pays that is attributable to interest earned on U.S. government securities generally is not subject to those taxes, although distributions by the Fund to its shareholders of net realized gains on the sale of those securities are fully subject to those taxes. The municipal securities market generally, or certain municipal securities in particular, may be significantly affected by adverse political, legislative or regulatory changes or litigation at the Federal or state level. These and other risks are more fully described in the fund’s prospectus. Not all funds or fund classes may be offered at all broker/ dealers.

Index Description: The Bloomberg Barclays Municipal High Yield is an unmanaged index made up of bonds that are non-investment grade, unrated, or rated below Ba1 by Moody’s Investors Service with a remaining maturity of at least one year. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.

Performance results for some funds may include the effect of expense reduction arrangements. If those arrangements had not been in place, the performance results would have been lower.

Fee Waiver and/or Expense Reimbursement: Through January 31, 2018, Waddell & Reed Investment Management Company (WRIMCO), the Fund’s investment manager, Waddell & Reed, Inc., the Fund’s distributor, and/or Waddell & Reed Services Company, doing business as WI Services Company (WISC), the Fund’s transfer agent, have contractually agreed to reimburse sufficient management fees, 12b-1 fees and/or shareholder servicing fees to cap the total annual ordinary fund operating expenses (which would exclude interest, taxes, brokerage commissions, acquired fund fees and expenses and extraordinary expenses, if any) as follows: Class B shares at 1.81%, Class C shares at 1.70% and Class Y shares at 0.71%. Prior to that date, the expense limitation may not be terminated without the consent of the Board of Trustees.

Pricing: All prices and year-to-date returns are based on closing quotes unless noted, as supplied to the NASDAQ by 6:00 p.m. Eastern time. YTD Prices can be updated 3 to 4 hours after the Daily Pricing information which can result in mismatching data.

Style Analysis: The Morningstar Style Box reveals a fund's investment style. For equity funds the vertical axis shows the market capitalization of the stocks owned and the horizontal axis shows investment style (value, blend, or growth). For fixed-income funds, the vertical axis shows the credit quality of the bonds owned and the horizontal axis shows interest rate sensitivity as measured by a bond's effective duration. Morningstar seeks credit rating information from fund companies on a periodic basis (e.g., quarterly). In compiling credit rating information, Morningstar instructs fund companies to only use ratings that have been assigned by the following Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organizations (NRSROs): Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Fitch, and Egan-Jones. If two NRSROs have rated a security, fund companies are to report the lowest rating; if three or more NRSROs have rated the same security differently, fund companies are to report the rating that is in the middle. For example, if NRSRO X rates a security AA-, NRSRO Y rates the same security an A and NRSRO Z rates it a BBB+, the fund company should use the credit rating of 'A' in its reporting to Morningstar. PLEASE NOTE: Morningstar, Inc. is not itself an NRSRO nor does it issue a credit rating on the fund. An NRSRO rating on a fixed-income security can change from time-to-time. For credit quality, Morningstar combines the credit rating information provided by the fund companies with an average default rate calculation to come up with a weighted-average credit quality. The weighted-average credit quality is currently a letter that roughly corresponds to the scale used by a leading NRSRO. Bond funds are assigned a style box placement of "low", "medium", or "high" based on their average credit quality. Funds with a low credit quality are those whose weighted-average credit quality is determined to be less than "BBB-"; medium are those less than "AA-", but greater or equal to "BBB-"; and high are those with a weighted-average credit quality of "AA-" or higher. When classifying a bond portfolio, Morningstar first maps the NRSRO credit ratings of the underlying holdings to their respective default rates (as determined by Morningstar's analysis of actual historical default rates). Morningstar then averages these default rates to determine the average default rate for the entire bond fund. Finally, Morningstar maps this average default rate to its corresponding credit rating along a convex curve. For interest-rate sensitivity, Morningstar obtains from fund companies the average effective duration. Generally, Morningstar classifies a fixed-income fund's interest-rate sensitivity based on the effective duration of the Morningstar Core Bond Index (MCBI), which is currently three years. The classification of Limited will be assigned to those funds whose average effective duration is between 25% to 75% of MCBI's average effective duration; funds whose average effective duration is between 75% to 125% of the MCBI will be classified as Moderate; and those that are at 125% or greater of the average effective duration of the MCBI will be classified as Extensive. For municipal bond funds, Morningstar also obtains from fund companies the average effective duration. In these cases static breakpoints are utilized. These breakpoints are as follows: (i) Limited: 4.5 years or less; (ii) Moderate: more than 4.5 years but less than 7 years; and (iii) Extensive: more than 7 years. In addition, for non-US taxable and non-US domiciled fixed income funds static duration breakpoints are used: (i) Limited: less than or equal to 3.5 years; (ii) Moderate: greater than 3.5 and less than equal to 6 years; (iii) Extensive: greater than 6 years.

Unsubsidized yields reflect what the yield would have been without the effect of reimbursements and waivers. The adviser and its affiliates have or may voluntarily waive a portion of their fees (including, but not limited to, distribution and service (12b-1) fees) and reimburse certain expenses. There is no guarantee that the fund will avoid a negative yield. Such undertaking may be amended or withdrawn at any time.

30-Day SEC Yield: is calculated based on a formula mandated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) that calculates a fund's hypothetical annualized income, as a percentage of its assets. A security's income, for the purposes of this calculation, is based on the current market yield to maturity (in the case of bonds) or projected dividend yield (for stocks) of the fund's holdings over a trailing 30 day period. This hypothetical income will differ (at times, significantly) from the fund's actual experience; as a result, income distributions from the fund may be higher or lower than implied by the SEC yield.

12-Month Trailing Distribution Yield: at NAV refers to the 12-month historical cash flow paid over the past 12 months in dividends, divided by the past months ending NAV.

Alpha, Beta, R-Squared, Standard Deviation, Sharpe Ratio and Capture Ratio are 5 year statistics. Alpha is a measure of a fund's actual returns and expected performance, given its level of risk (as measured by beta). Beta reflects the sensitivity of the fund's return to fluctuations in the market index. R-squared indicates how much of a fund's fluctuations were attributable to movements in the fund's benchmark. Standard deviation is a measure of how volatile a fund's returns are. Sharpe ratio is a measure of a fund's risk-adjusted performance. Capture ratio reflects the annualized product of fund vs. index returns for all months in which the index had a positive return (upside capture) or negative return (downside capture).

The Morningstar Rating™ for funds, or "star rating", is calculated for managed products (including mutual funds, variable annuity and variable life subaccounts, exchange-traded funds, closed-end funds, and separate accounts) with at least a three-year history. Exchange-traded funds and open-ended mutual funds are considered a single population for comparative purposes. It is calculated based on a Morningstar Risk-Adjusted Return measure that accounts for variation in a managed product's monthly excess performance, placing more emphasis on downward variations and rewarding consistent performance, and does not include the effects of sales charges. The top 10% of products in each product category receive 5 stars, the next 22.5% receive 4 stars, the next 35% receive 3 stars, the next 22.5% receive 2 stars, and the bottom 10% receive 1 star. The Overall Morningstar Rating for a managed product is derived from a weighted average of the performance figures associated with its three-, five-, and 10-year (if applicable) Morningstar Rating metrics. The weights are: 100% three-year rating for 36-59 months of total returns, 60% five-year rating/40% three-year rating for 60-119 months of total returns, and 50% 10-year rating/30% five-year rating/20% three-year rating for 120 or more months of total returns. While the 10-year overall star rating formula seems to give the most weight to the 10-year period, the most recent three-year period actually has the greatest impact because it is included in all three rating periods.

© 2017 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The information contained herein: (1) is proprietary to Morningstar; (2) may not be copied or distributed; and (3) is not warranted to be accurate, complete or timely. Neither Morningstar nor its content providers are responsible for any damages or losses arising from any use of this information. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

Quality: Ratings obtained from Standard & Poor's. For securities not rated by Standard & Poor's, ratings are obtained from Moody's. We do not evaluate these ratings, but simply assign them to the appropriate credit quality category as determined by the rating agency.

Information is subject to change and is not intended to represent any past or future investment recommendations.

YTD Prices can be updated 3 to 4 hours after the Daily Pricing information which can result in mismatching data.

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