Ivy Variable Insurance Portfolios

A range of portfolios utilized as underlying investments in variable annuities and variable life insurance products.

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Summary

Data quoted is past performance and current performance may be lower or higher. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Investment return and principal value of an investment will fluctuate, and shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost. Performance data quoted does not reflect any expenses or charges associated with owning a variable life insurance policy or variable annuity contract that invests in the Portfolio's shares. When such charges are deducted, actual investment performance in a variable annuity will be lower.

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Prices & Returns
POP as of 10/20/2017
Average Annual Total Returns
POP as of 9/30/2017
Expense
Ratios
Ivy VIP Advantus Real Estate Securities 3 $7.55 ($0.03) 4.14% -0.46% 8.93% 8.79% 5.07% 8.57% 5/27/2004 1.20% 1.29%
Ivy VIP Asset Strategy 3 $9.15 $0.01 14.22% 11.56% 0.25% 4.68% 4.18% 8.99% 5/1/1995 1.02% 1.02%
Ivy VIP Balanced 3 $7.73 $0.02 8.19% 6.84% 4.09% 7.72% 5.85% 7.51% 5/3/1994 1.01% 1.01%
Ivy VIP Bond 3 $5.34 ($0.01) 3.69% 0.50% 2.95% 2.09% 3.85% 5.92% 7/13/1987 0.79% 0.79%
Ivy VIP Core Equity 3 $11.86 $0.12 16.47% 13.36% 6.44% 11.46% 7.23% 9.42% 7/16/1991 0.95% 1.01%
Ivy VIP Dividend Opportunities 3 $8.37 $0.05 12.69% 14.76% 6.44% 10.44% 4.65% 7.30% 11/20/2003 1.01% 1.01%
Ivy VIP Energy 3 $5.21 $0.01 -23.02% -13.31% -11.52% -0.60% -0.78% 1.30% 5/1/2006 1.19% 1.19%
Ivy VIP Global Bond 3 $4.95 $0.00 4.19% 4.19% 1.75% 2.23% 2.30% 8/23/2010 1.13% 1.13%
Ivy VIP Global Growth 3 $9.57 $0.00 20.78% 16.24% 6.10% 8.53% 3.07% 7.15% 5/3/1994 1.13% 1.16%
Ivy VIP Government Money Market 3 $1.00 $0.00 0.41% 0.42% 0.18% 0.11% 0.50% 3.10% 7/13/1987 0.41% 0.41%
Ivy VIP Growth 3 $11.68 $0.06 24.96% 20.33% 11.22% 14.94% 8.14% 10.82% 7/13/1987 1.00% 1.00%
Ivy VIP High Income 3 $3.63 $0.00 6.36% 8.88% 4.23% 6.10% 7.77% 7.65% 7/13/1987 0.92% 0.92%
Ivy VIP International Core Equity 3 $17.98 ($0.02) 19.16% 18.16% 5.14% 9.52% 2.83% 8.16% 5/19/1992 1.17% 1.17%
Ivy VIP Limited-Term Bond 3 $4.89 ($0.01) 1.61% 0.44% 1.49% 1.05% 1.48% 8/23/2010 0.81% 0.81%
Ivy VIP Micro Cap Growth 3 6 $22.40 $0.14 8.40% 7.40% 6.53% 10.34% 5.90% 7.63% 10/1/1997 1.34% 1.34%
Ivy VIP Mid Cap Growth 3 $11.01 $0.10 20.38% 18.20% 7.93% 11.34% 8.72% 10.40% 4/28/2005 1.10% 1.15%
Ivy VIP Natural Resources 3 $4.22 $0.01 -6.17% 1.64% -8.79% -2.72% -5.41% 1.63% 4/28/2005 1.36% 1.36%
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Aggressive 3 $5.01 $0.02 16.31% 15.39% 7.35% 10.34% 6.80% 3/4/2008 1.11% 1.11%
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Conservative 3 $5.08 $0.01 8.82% 8.38% 4.25% 5.82% 4.83% 3/13/2008 0.87% 0.87%
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod - Managed Volatility 3 $5.66 $0.01 11.46% 10.77% 4.39% 5.46% 8/1/2013 1.13% 1.13%
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod Agg - Managed Volatility 3 $5.52 $0.02 13.03% 12.28% 4.97% 6.07% 8/1/2013 1.27% 1.27%
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod Con - Managed Volatility 3 $5.46 $0.01 9.87% 9.09% 3.57% 4.50% 8/1/2013 1.14% 1.14%
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderate 3 $5.28 $0.01 12.24% 11.78% 5.64% 7.97% 5.66% 3/4/2008 0.95% 0.95%
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderately Aggressive 3 $5.45 $0.02 13.90% 13.43% 6.39% 9.06% 6.44% 3/4/2008 1.02% 1.02%
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderately Conservative 3 $5.22 $0.01 10.68% 10.14% 4.92% 6.89% 5.42% 3/12/2008 0.92% 0.92%
Ivy VIP Science and Technology 3 $28.10 $0.12 32.57% 28.49% 8.58% 15.45% 10.36% 14.26% 4/4/1997 1.17% 1.17%
Ivy VIP Small Cap Core 3 $17.90 $0.13 11.15% 17.04% 12.37% 14.45% 8.47% 8.60% 10/1/1997 1.16% 1.16%
Ivy VIP Small Cap Growth 3 $11.17 $0.09 18.22% 15.32% 8.81% 11.10% 5.71% 10.14% 5/3/1994 1.14% 1.16%
Ivy VIP Value 3 $6.23 $0.05 8.83% 14.52% 4.88% 12.13% 5.99% 6.91% 5/1/2001 1.03% 1.03%

3 Original shares of the Portfolio were renamed Class II shares on April 28, 2017.

6 Fee Waiver and/or Expense Reimbursement: Through April 30, 2018, Waddell & Reed Services Company (doing business as WI Services Company (WISC)), the Portfolio's transfer agent, has contractually agreed to reimburse sufficient shareholder servicing fees to ensure that the total annual ordinary portfolio operating expenses (which would exclude interest, taxes, brokerage commissions, acquired fund fees and expenses and extraordinary expenses, if any) of the Class I shares are at all times equal to the total annual ordinary portfolio operating expenses of the Class II shares less 0.25%, as calculated at the end of each month. Prior to that date, the expense limitation may not be terminated without the consent of the Board of Trustees.

Yields

Yields as of 9/30/2017
Ivy VIP Advantus Real Estate Securities
Ivy VIP Asset Strategy 0.38% 0.38%
Ivy VIP Balanced 1.58% 1.58%
Ivy VIP Bond 1.57% 1.57%
Ivy VIP Core Equity
Ivy VIP Dividend Opportunities
Ivy VIP Energy
Ivy VIP Global Bond 2.78% 2.78%
Ivy VIP Global Growth
Ivy VIP Government Money Market
Ivy VIP Growth
Ivy VIP High Income 5.69% 5.69%
Ivy VIP International Core Equity
Ivy VIP Limited-Term Bond 1.60% 1.60%
Ivy VIP Micro Cap Growth
Ivy VIP Mid Cap Growth
Ivy VIP Natural Resources
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Aggressive
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Conservative
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod - Managed Volatility
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod Agg - Managed Volatility
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod Con - Managed Volatility
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderate
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderately Aggressive
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderately Conservative
Ivy VIP Science and Technology
Ivy VIP Small Cap Core
Ivy VIP Small Cap Growth
Ivy VIP Value

Rankings

Rankings (Fund/Category) as of 9/30/2017
Ivy VIP Advantus Real Estate Securities Real Estate Funds 27/44 22/43 18/42 26/37
Ivy VIP Asset Strategy Alternative Other Funds 13/82 55/66 16/40 10/16
Ivy VIP Balanced Mixed-Asset Target Alloc Growth Funds 228/231 191/211 145/183 36/113
Ivy VIP Bond Corporate Debt Funds A Rated 15/17 5/17 12/17 10/13
Ivy VIP Core Equity Large-Cap Core Funds 174/185 160/178 144/165 30/131
Ivy VIP Dividend Opportunities Equity Income Funds 54/75 56/70 57/63 49/53
Ivy VIP Energy Natural Resources Funds 31/33 28/33 9/26 5/22
Ivy VIP Global Bond VA Global Income Funds 30/78 30/71 21/64
Ivy VIP Global Growth VA Global Large-Cap Growth 18/23 22/22 21/21 19/19
Ivy VIP Government Money Market VA Money Market Funds 13/65 9/63 10/62 10/58
Ivy VIP Growth Large-Cap Growth Funds 130/199 128/192 84/188 81/155
Ivy VIP High Income High Current Yield Funds 21/108 71/103 20/96 1/76
Ivy VIP International Core Equity International Large-Cap Core 10/16 2/16 1/16 1/9
Ivy VIP Limited-Term Bond VA Short-Intmdt Investment Grade Debt Funds 23/32 19/31 18/29
Ivy VIP Micro Cap Growth Small-Cap Growth Funds 91/91 82/90 80/84 61/71
Ivy VIP Mid Cap Growth Mid-Cap Growth Funds 60/89 69/86 74/85 10/68
Ivy VIP Natural Resources Natural Resources Funds 11/33 18/33 14/26 21/22
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Aggressive Mixed-Asset Target Alloc Growth Funds 12/231 50/211 23/183
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Conservative VUF Mixed-Asset Target Alloc Conservative Funds 20/141 51/135 23/125
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod - Managed Volatility Mixed-Asset Target Allocation Moderate Funds 89/263 201/246
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod Agg - Managed Volatility Mixed-Asset Target Allocation Moderate Funds 32/263 145/246
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod Con - Managed Volatility Mixed-Asset Target Allocation Moderate Funds 178/263 229/246
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderate VUF Mixed-Asset Target Alloc Moderate Funds 48/263 107/246 66/206
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderately Aggressive VUF Mixed-Asset Target Alloc Moderate Funds 16/263 62/246 21/206
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderately Conservative VUF Mixed-Asset Target Alloc Moderate Funds 119/263 151/246 118/206
Ivy VIP Science and Technology Science & Technology Funds 14/38 35/38 29/38 16/37
Ivy VIP Small Cap Core VA Small-Cap Core Funds 121/151 33/145 39/138 24/111
Ivy VIP Small Cap Growth Small-Cap Growth Funds 87/91 77/90 74/84 63/71
Ivy VIP Value Large-Cap Value Funds 88/115 107/112 75/106 39/82

Ticker Symbols & Fund Codes

Ivy VIP Advantus Real Estate Securities 46600H810 866
Ivy VIP Asset Strategy 46600H109 852
Ivy VIP Balanced 46600H208 860
Ivy VIP Bond 46600H307 854
Ivy VIP Core Equity 46600H406 857
Ivy VIP Dividend Opportunities 46600H505 865
Ivy VIP Energy 46600H604 870
Ivy VIP Global Bond 46600H695 872
Ivy VIP Global Growth 46600H877 858
Ivy VIP Government Money Market 46600H836 853
Ivy VIP Growth 46600H802 856
Ivy VIP High Income 46600H885 855
Ivy VIP International Core Equity 46600H869 862
Ivy VIP Limited-Term Bond 46600H687 871
Ivy VIP Micro Cap Growth 46600H844 863
Ivy VIP Mid Cap Growth 46600H851 869
Ivy VIP Natural Resources 46600H703 868
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Aggressive 46600H752 845
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Conservative 46600H711 846
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod - Managed Volatility 46600H679 842
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod Agg - Managed Volatility 46600H661 843
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod Con - Managed Volatility 46600H653 844
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderate 46600H737 847
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderately Aggressive 46600H745 848
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderately Conservative 46600H729 849
Ivy VIP Science and Technology 46600H794 851
Ivy VIP Small Cap Core 46600H778 864
Ivy VIP Small Cap Growth 46600H786 859
Ivy VIP Value 46600H760 850

Documents & Prospectuses

Fund Name Fund Fact Sheet Summary Prospectus Prospectus XBRL Annual
Report
Semi-Annual Report SAI Quarterly
Fund
Commentary
Ivy VIP Advantus Real Estate Securities Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Asset Strategy Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Balanced Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Bond Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Core Equity Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Dividend Opportunities Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Energy Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Global Bond Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Global Growth Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Government Money Market Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Growth Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP High Income Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP International Core Equity Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Limited-Term Bond Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Micro Cap Growth Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Mid Cap Growth Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Natural Resources Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Aggressive Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Conservative Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod - Managed Volatility Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod Agg - Managed Volatility Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Mod Con - Managed Volatility Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderate Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderately Aggressive Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Pathfinder Moderately Conservative Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Science and Technology Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Small Cap Core Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Small Cap Growth Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)
Ivy VIP Value Fund Fact Sheet (PDF Document) Summary Prospectus (PDF Document) Prospectus (PDF Document) XBRL (External Link) Annual Report (PDF Document) Semi-Annual Report (PDF Document) SAI (PDF Document) Quarterly Fund Commentary (PDF Document)

Before investing, investors should consider carefully the investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses of a portfolio and the variable insurance product. This and other important information is contained in the portfolio and variable insurance product prospectuses, which may be obtained here, from a financial advisor, or by contacting the applicable insurance company. Read them carefully before investing.

You could lose money by investing in Ivy VIP Government Money Market. Although the Portfolio seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it cannot guarantee it will do so. An investment in the Portfolio is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The Portfolio’s sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the Portfolio, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the Portfolio at any time.

Risk factors. The value of the Portfolio's shares will change, and you could lose money on your investment. An investment in the Portfolio is not insured or guaranteed by the FDIC or any other government agency. These and other risks are more fully described in the portfolios's prospectus. The IVY VARIABLE INSURANCE PORTFOLIOS℠, are only available as investment options in variable life insurance policies and variable annuity contracts issued by participating insurance companies. They are not offered or made available directly to the general public.

Annuities are long-term financial products designed for retirement purposes. Annuity and life insurance guarantees are based on the financial strength and claims-paying ability of the issuing insurance company. The guarantees have no bearing on the performance of a variable investment option. Variable investment options are subject to market risk, including loss of principal. There are charges and expenses associated with annuities and variable life insurance products, including mortality and expense risk charges, management fees, administrative fees, expenses for optional riders and deferred sales charges for early withdrawals. Withdrawals before age 59 1/2 may be subject to a 10% IRS tax penalty and surrender charges may apply.

Pricing: All prices and year-to-date returns are based on closing quotes unless noted, as supplied to the NASDAQ by 6:00 p.m. Eastern time. YTD Prices can be updated 3 to 4 hours after the Daily Pricing information which can result in mismatching data.

Unsubsidized yields reflect what the yield would have been without the effect of reimbursements and waivers. The adviser and its affiliates have or may voluntarily waive a portion of their fees (including, but not limited to, distribution and service (12b-1) fees) and reimburse certain expenses. There is no guarantee that the fund will avoid a negative yield. Such undertaking may be amended or withdrawn at any time. 

12-Month Trailing Distribution Yield: at NAV refers to the 12-month historical cash flow paid over the past 12 months in dividends, divided by the past months ending NAV.

he Morningstar RatingTM for funds, or "star rating", is calculated for managed products (including mutual funds, variable annuity and variable life subaccounts, exchange-traded funds, closed-end funds, and separate accounts) with at least a three-year history. Exchange-traded funds and open-ended mutual funds are considered a single population for comparative purposes. It is calculated based on a Morningstar Risk-Adjusted Return measure that accounts for variation in a managed product's monthly excess performance, placing more emphasis on downward variations and rewarding consistent performance. The top 10% of products in each product category receive 5 stars, the next 22.5% receive 4 stars, the next 35% receive 3 stars, the next 22.5% receive 2 stars, and the bottom 10% receive 1 star. The Overall Morningstar Rating for a managed product is derived from a weighted average of the performance figures associated with its three-, five-, and 10-year (if applicable) Morningstar Rating metrics. The weights are: 100% three-year rating for 36-59 months of total returns, 60% five-year rating/40% three-year rating for 60-119 months of total returns, and 50% 10-year rating/30% five-year rating/20% three-year rating for 120 or more months of total returns. While the 10-year overall star rating formula seems to give the most weight to the 10-year period, the most recent three-year period actually has the greatest impact because it is included in all three rating periods.

Ranking is among the Lipper Category stated. Rankings are based on average annual total returns, but do not consider sales charges. Lipper Category designations are assigned by Lipper, Inc. based upon independent analysis and are not necessarily based upon or consistent with fund objectives and strategies as stated in the prospectus.

Information is subject to change and is not intended to represent any past or future investment recommendations.

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